Buzkashi is a traditional Afghan sport, played from horseback. The name translates literally to "goat grabbing",
implying that the game originated in the ancient practice of horseback goat-nabbing during the times of Genghis Khan. The
Mongols were skilled horse-riders who could swoop up a goat while riding a horse at full gallop. The goal of a Buzkashi
player is to grab the carcass of a calf, and then get it clear of the other players, or pitch it across a goal line.
is typically fierce, as other players may use any force short of tripping the horse in order to thwart scoring attempts (though
the use of knives or guns is discouraged). Riders usually wear heavy clothing and head protection to protect themselves from
players' whips and boots. Games can last for several days.
The game consists of two main forms: Tudabarai and Qarajai.
Tudabarai is considered to be the simpler form of the game; in this style, the goal is simply to grab the calf and move in
any direction until clear of the other players. In Qarajai, players must carry the carcass around a flag or marker at one
end of the field, then throw it into a scoring circle at the other end.
The calf in a Buzkashi game is normally beheaded,
disemboweled and its limbs cut off, then soaked in cold water for 24 hours before play to toughen it. Occasionally sand is
packed into the carcass to give it extra weight. Players may not strap the calf to their bodies or saddles.
players train intensively for years, and many of the masters (called chapandaz) are over forty years old. Playing well also
requires specially trained horses that know to stop still when a rider is thrown, and to gallop forcefully when their rider
gets hold of the calf. These horses can sell for as much as $2,500.
Gursai: Another game, which is generally played in the countryside, goes by the name of Gursai. A man take his
left foot in his right hand and hops about on one leg, endeavouring to upset his oppnent who is advancing in the same way
from the opposite direction.