At a time when the rest of the world, from Greece and Rome
to India and China, considered women as no better than children or even slaves, with no rights whatsoever, Islam acknowledged
women's equality with men in a great many respects. The Qur'an states:
"And among His signs is this:
that He created mates for you form yourselves that you may find rest, peace of mind in them, and He ordained between you love
and mercy. Lo, herein indeed are signs for people who reflect." [30:21]
Prophet Muhammad said:
"The most perfect in faith amongst
believers is he who is best in manners and kindest to his wife." [Abu Dawud]
Muslims believe that Adam and Eve
were created from the same soul. Both were equally guilty of their sin and fall from grace, and both were forgiven by Allah.
Many women in Islam have had high status; consider the fact that the first person to convert to Islam was Khadijah,the wife
of Muhammad, whom he both loved and respected. His favorite wife after Khadijah's death, A Œisha, became renowned as
a scholar and one of the greatest sources of Hadith literature. Many of the female Companions accomplished great deeds and
achieved fame, and throughout Islamic history there have been famous and influential scholars, jurists and mystics.
With regard to education, both
women and men have the same rights and obligations. This is clear in Prophet Muhammad's saying:
"Seeking knowledge is mandatory
for every believer." [Ibn Majah]
This implies men and women.
A woman is to be treated as God
has endowed her, with rights, such as to be treated as an individual, with the right to own and dispose of her own property
and earnings, enter into contracts, even after marriage. She has the right to be educated and to work outside the home if
she so chooses. She has the right to inherit from her father, mother, and husband. A very interesting point to note is that
in Islam, unlike any other religion, a woman can be an imam, a leader of communal prayer, for a group of women.
A Muslim woman also has obligations.
All the laws and regulations pertaining to prayer, fasting, charity, pilgrimage, doing good deeds, etc., apply to women, albeit
with minor differences having mainly to do with female physiology.
Before marriage, a woman has the
right to choose her husband. Islamic law is very strict regarding the necessity of having the woman's consent for marriage.
A marriage dowry is given by the groom to the bride for her own personal use. She keeps her own family name, rather than taking
her husband's. As a wife, a woman has the right to be supported by her husband even if she is already rich. She also has the
right to seek divorce and custody of young children. She does not return the dowry, except in a few unusual situations.
Despite the fact that in many places
and times Muslim communities have not always adhered to all or even many of the foregoing in practice, the ideal has been
there for1,400 years, while virtually all other major civilzations did not begin to address these issues or change their negative
attitudes until the19th and 20th centuries, and there are still many contemporary civilzations which have yet to do so.