WAJIBAT OF PRAYERS
There are 11 things Wajib in the Prayers:-
1. Niyyat: - Offer prayers with the intention
of complying with the orders of the Almighty Allah.
2. Takibirat-ul-Ihram: - To say Allahu Akber (in the beginning
of every prayer is obligatory).
3. Qiyam: - To stand erect while saying Takbiratul Ehram, and to stand before
4. Ruku: - After Quir'at, bow to an extent that he is able to rest his fingertips on his knees.
Two Sajdahs: - Sajdah means that one should place one's forehead on earth in a special manner, with the intention of humility
6. Quir’at: - to recite Sura Al-hamd and another Sura in the first two Rikats and Tasbihat-e-Arbaa
in the third and fourth Rikats.
7. Zikr: - to recite tasbih in Ruku and Sajdah.
In the second unit of all obligatory prayers, and in the third unit of Maghrib prayers and in the fourth unit of Zuhr, Asr
and Isha prayers, one should sit after the second prostration with a tranquil body, and recite tashahhud thus:
"Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa Rasuluh, Alla humma salli
'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad". And it will be sufficient if one recited the tashahhud this way: "Ash
hadu an la ilaha illal lahu was ash hadu anna Muhammadan Sallal lahu Alayhi Wa Aalihi Abduhu Wa rasuluh".
Salaam:- While a person sits after reciting tashahhud in the last Rak'at, and his body is tranquil, it is Mustahab to
say: "Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh". Then he should say: "Assalamu Alaykum" and as a recommended precaution add to it "Wa Rahmatullahi Wa
Barakatuh". Alternatively, he can say: "Assalamu Alayna Wa Ala Ibadi llahis Salihin". But
if he recites this Salaam, then as per obligatory precaution, he must follow it up with saying: "Assalamu
10. Tartib:- To pray in the sequence prescribed by the Shariah. (If a person intentionally
changes the sequence of the prayers, for example, if he recites the other surah before reciting Surah al-Hamd, or performs
the two Sajdah before Ruku, his prayers are void.)
11. Muwalaat:- To pray without interruption or gap. (If
a person allows an undue interval between different acts, till it becomes difficult to visualize that one is praying, his
prayers will be void.)
Qunut:- It is Mustahab that qunut be recited in all obligatory and Mustahab
prayers before the Ruku of the second Rak'at.
Tasbihat Arba'ah:- In the third and fourth raka'ats of prayers,
one may either read only Surah al-Hamd or
Tasbihat Arba'ah - "Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha illal
lahu wallahu Akbar" which may be said once, although it is better that it should be said three times. It is also permissible
to recite Surah al-Hamd in one Rak'at, and Tasbihat Arba'ah in the other, but it is better to recite Tasbihat in both.
AND GHAIR RUKN:
Out of the above-mentioned Wajibs of Namaaz, 5 are Rukn and others Ghair Rukn.
such actions that invalidate the Namaaz if they are left out or added, though unintentionally.
2. Takbiratul Ihram
3. Qiyam at the time of Takbiratul Ihram and just before going to Ruku
Both Sajdahs together. If any of these are left out, or added whether intentionally or unintentionally, Namaaz will become
Ghair Rukn means such Wajibs that invalidate the Namaaz if they are left out, or added, intentionally.
But they do not invalidate the Namaaz if they are left or added unintentionally